Lymphoma is one type of cancer. It attack the body immune system.
What should the patient do with lymphoma ?
A healthful diet and being physically active can help the patient achieve a better quality of life and combat the side effects of treatment. It needed for taking steps to optimize their survival chances is empowering, and provides a valuable sense of control.
How’s the Nutrition Theraphy ?
Your dietary needs can change depending on your health status and other factors. For example, you may need a special type of diet to help build up strength and recover from treatment; or, you may have trouble eating while receiving chemotherapy. It’s essential that your diet contains a balance of nutrients that promotes the health and and provides the nutrients needed to maintain or restore good health. Ideally, you should consult a nutritional expert who has the information about your specific health, diagnosis, and treatment at hand.
It’s important to distinguish between diet as a risk factor for lymphomas, versus diet as a therapeutic factor.
What’s the important things about nutrition and theraphy ?
#Consuming enough calories to prevent additional weight loss for survivors at risk of unintentional weight loss, such as those who are already malnourished or those who receive anticancer treatments affecting the gastrointestinal tract.
#Adequate protein intake is essential during all stages of cancer treatment, recovery, long-term survival, and living with advanced disease. The best choices to meet protein needs are foods that are also low in saturated fat (eg, fish, lean meat, skinless poultry, eggs, nonfat and low-fat dairy products, nuts, seeds, and legumes).
#High sugar intake has not been shown to increase the risk or progression of cancer.
However, sugars (including honey, raw sugar, brown sugar, high-fructose corn syrup, and molasses) and beverages that are major sources of these sugars (such as soft drinks and many fruit-flavored drinks) add substantial amounts of calories to the diet and thus can promote weight gain. In addition, most foods that are high in added sugar do not contribute many nutrients to the diet and often replace more nutritious food choices. Therefore, limiting the consumption of products with added sugar is recommended.
#Nutritional assessment for survivors should begin as soon after diagnosis as possible and should take into consideration treatment goals (curative, control, or palliation) while focusing on current nutritional status and anticipated nutrition-related symptoms.
During active cancer treatment, the overall goals of nutritional care for survivors should be to prevent or resolve nutrient deficiencies, achieve or maintain a healthy weight, preserve lean body mass, minimize nutrition-related side effects, and maximize quality of life.
#For survivors experiencing anorexia (low body weight) or early satiety, and who are at risk of becoming underweight, consuming smaller, more frequent meals with minimal liquids consumed during meals can help to increase food intake.
Liquids can and should be consumed in between meals to avoid dehydration.
#For survivors who cannot meet their nutritional needs through foods alone, fortified, commercially prepared or homemade nutrient-dense beverages or foods can improve the intake of energy and nutrients.
#For survivors who are unable to meet their nutritional needs through above measures and who are at risk of becoming malnourished, other means of nutritional support may be needed, such as :
a. pharmacotherapy using appetite stimulants,
b. enteral nutrition via tube feeding, or
c. intravenous parenteral nutrition.
To be continued…