It’s a blessing, when i join humanitarian volunteerism. I’ve started it in 2009, be a part of communities empowerment in health care facilities and i’m joining Kidzsmile Foundation until now. The humanitarian activities involves in 2012 when i begun to join Korps Relawan Salman (KORSA) ITB and became volunteer of Masyarakat Relawan Indonesia (MRI).
On the last of October, i have attending “Pembekalan dan Pelatihan Relawan Mahasiswa Peduli Bencana” that organized by Disaster Response Unit (Deru) of Gadjah Mada University in Neo + Awana Hotel, Yogjakarta. In this session we learn about Humanitarian Logistic with Mr. Temmy Tanubrata. He said that there are two type of disaster, natural and man-made. Disaster come in slow and sudden onset. For example earthquake, hurricane, tornadoes are natural disaster that come in sudden onset. While famine, drought and poverty are natural disaster that come in slow onset. There are several disaster that came from man-made such as chemical leak, terrorist attack that came in sudden onset. Political and refugee crisis are man-made disaster too that come in slow onset.
There are different actors in humanitarian operations. Actors in humanitarian operations divided into :
a. Government (local/host country, neighboring countries, other countries, economic union/political union)
b. Military and civil defense,
c. Donor (government, companies, individuals and communities) and Private Donors/Commercial companies (suppliers and logistic service provider),
d. UN (UN organization, red cross societies) and Humanitarian Organizations & NGO’s,
e. Local community/population (affected host communities) and
f. Media. Media and commercial companies may become negative impact in several disaster. The rules and policy should be establish to prevent it.
In humanitarian logistic, we should concern on supply chain. There are 2 type of supply chain, commercial and humanitarian supply chain. There are differences between commercial and and humanitarian supply chain that also overlapping attributes. Agility, Adaptability and alignment are the main of differences.
Logistics as internal support function and central to most of humanitarian relief operations
Challenges in humanitarian logistics should eliminate through the effectiveness. Mr. Tanubrata said there are 8 challenges in humanitarian logistics :
- Requirement Planning Analysis
- Inventory Planning and Control
- Coordination and Synergies
- Donation Management
- Collaboration and Communications
- Capacity and Capabilities of Local Assets
- Understanding Local Context
- Measuring Effectiveness of the Operation.
Why it is important to enhance humanitarian logistics capacity ?
Crucial to effectiveness, efficiency and transparency of response. One of the most expensive parts of a relief effort. Logistics and procurement expenses up to 60-80% of overall costs (Wassenhove, 2006).
Speed is good for the first 72 hours, good organization and coordination is important for the next 90 to 120 days while quality of goods, services, and the overall organization is imperative throughout the response period (INSEAD, 2002)
Logistics planning is an important part. There are several factors to consider in logistic planning : Financial resources availability; Staff availability; Information management tools; Comodity tracking; External infracstructure and availability of external resources; Stocks and movement; Transport information available; distribution, monitoring and evaluation; Reporting; Safety & Security; Exit and handover strategy.
Yes, logistics seems to be a support system. But in fact, it is need appropriate management.
When You choose to be a humanitarian volunteer, it’s important to understand the humanitarian logistics